SCOPE OF

 

AYURVEDA IN

 

LIFESTYLE

 

DISEASES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lifestyle

 

Definition

 

A set of attitudes, habits, or possessions associated with a particular person or group.

 

A particular way of living : the way a person lives or a group of people live.

 

 

 

A way of living of individuals, families (households), and societies, which they manifest in coping with their physical, psychological, social, and economic environments on a day-to-day basis. . It varies from man to man, state to state and country to country due to many factors like religious practice, nature of occupation, socioeconomic status and the climatic situation.

 

The set of habits and customs that is influenced by the lifelong process of socialization. Lifestyle is expressed in both work and leisure behavior patterns and (on an individual basis) in activities, attitudes, interests, opinions, values, and allocation of income. It also reflects people's self image or self concept; the way they see themselves and believe they are seen by the others. Lifestyle is a composite of motivations, needs, and wants and is influenced by factors such as culture, family, reference groups, and social class.

 

Definition of Healthy Lifestyle

 

A healthy lifestyle leaves you fit, energetic and at reduced risk for disease, based on the choices you make about your daily habits. Good nutrition, daily exercise and adequate sleep are the foundations for continuing good health. Managing stress in positive ways, instead of through smoking or drinking alcohol, reduces wear and tear on your body at the hormonal level. For a longer and more comfortable life, put together your plan for a healthy lifestyle and live up to it.

 

Lifestyle disease:

 

A disease associated with the way a person or group of people lives. Lifestyle diseases include atherosclerosis, heart disease, and stroke; obesity and type 2 diabetes; and diseases associated with smoking and alcohol and drug abuse. Regular physical activity helps prevent obesity, heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, colon cancer, and premature mortality.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CAUSES FOR LIFE STYLE DISEASES

 

The recent studies show that many of the illnesses are caused by other than infections

 

from micro organisms. It is a fact that the way of life can influence health. Currently there is great prevalence of lifestyle diseases which get precipitated by reaction to food, environment, regimens and routines.

 

The onset of LSD is insidious and years to develop and once encountered do not tend

 

themselves easily to cure and is the result of exposure over many years to unhealthy diet

 

regimens and routines. The following could be the reasons in general for such diseases.

 

Stress related environment Sedentary Living Style

 

Improper daily regimen

 

Improper personnel habits Environment factors

 

These factors in general lead to joint diseases

 

 

 

STRESS RELATED ENVIRONMENT

 

These are human experiences in daily life. It assumes medical significance on

 

disproportionate situations. Stress is caused by hectic work schedule pressure at work place and physical and mental health problems. The studies show that stress is a sort of pain and releases fatty acids which accumulates in vessels which produce various disease processes in the system. Immune system also becomes vulnerable. Stress and hormonal imbalance can increase pain level in disease conditions.

 

 

 

SEDENTARY LIFE STYLE

 

In a lifestyle that does not involves any physical activities at home and work area gains

 

weight and calorie utilization becomes low. It adds trauma to weight bearing joints. Excess weight puts significant stress on each joint even with the simplest of activities. Hormone leptin may play an important role in the development of arthritis.

 

This leads to Joint diseases, Obesity, Diabetes, Heart & Vascular diseases, Hypertension,

 

increased Cholesterol level, Vertebral problems and Spondylosis.

 

IMPROPER DAILY REGIMENS

 

It is a fact that the current mechanistic ways of life cannot cope up with the traditional

 

teachings of yore and as a result mushrooming of various new illnesses become very popular

 

in the society. The percentage of living in morbidity is increasing compared to the past. The

 

following factors could be the reasons for many diseases especially joint diseases.

 

 

Change of Daily Rhythm Lack of positive outlook Lack of righteous attitude

 

Lack of proper sleep & diet habits

 

This also leads to insomnia, anxiety, digestive disorders, neurological ailments &

 

immunological problems & Cardiovascular diseases.

 

IMPROPER PERSONNEL HABITS

 

The socio economic status is miserably related to the habits of alcoholism, smoking

 

and drug addictions etc. The survey shows that the consumption of alcohol is increasing in our society creating chaos in families and produce chronic ailments with severe sufferings in individuals.

 

ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS

 

It is a fact that the environment in which we live is highly polluted by various reasons

 

as Pollution - Air, Water & Earth, Climatic Conditions, weather changes, Aeroallergens etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Life style-Today

 

There has been tremendous growth in all walks of life in our society during the last

 

few years. The growth rates are even more compared to some developed countries. The life style of people have changed significantly to adjust for the rapid change and to keep in pace with others at the cost of exercise, relaxation, homefood and sleep. The disorders like atherosclerotic heart disease, stroke, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, obesity, disease associated with smoking and drug abuse are associated with life style changes. Life style diseases are different from other disease because they are potentially preventable and can be lowered with changes in diet, life style and environment. The disease pattern changed over a period of time to evolve new man made disorders and this change can be seen in epidemiological transition.

 

 

 

 

Effects of alcohol

 

 

The long term effects of alcohol range from possible health benefits for low levels of alcohol consumption to severe detrimental effects in cases of chronic alcohol abuse. There is a strong correlation between 'high levels' of alcohol consumption and an increased risk of developing alcoholism, cardiovascular disease, malabsorption, chronic pancreatitis, alcoholic liver disease, and cancer. Damage to the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system can occur from chronic alcohol abuse. Long-term use of alcohol in excessive quantities is capable of damaging nearly every organ and system in the body. The developing adolescent brain is particularly vulnerable to the toxic effects of alcohol.

 

Some experts argue that the benefits of moderate alcohol consumption may be outweighed by other increased risks, including those of injuries, violence, fetal damage, certain forms of cancer, liver disease and hypertension. As the apparent health benefits of moderate alcohol consumption are limited for populations at low risk of heart disease, other experts urge caution because of the possibility that recommending moderate alcohol consumption may lead to an increased risk of alcohol abuse.

 

SMOKING FACTS.

 

Smoking is today known to be the biggest cause of both preventable and premature death worldwide. Smoking- related diseases are a cause of over 440,000 deaths in the US annually. In the UK this figure stands at over 105,000 annually.

 

The life expectancy of the smoker is cut short by 10- 12 years and more than half of all smokers die from smoking-related diseases. The younger the onset of smoking the longer one will most likely smoke and younger one is more likely to die. Smoking is a slow killer, not just to the smoker but to those also around him as they are affected by second- hand smoke.

 

Comparative smoking facts show that the risk of heart attack is 70% higher among smokers than among non-smokers. The incidence of lung cancer is 10 times greater in smokers than non-smokers and one out of ten of people that smoke will die from this disease. Some 80% of smokers will at one time be diagnosed with heart disease, emphysema or chronic bronchitis.Of the diseases attributable to the tobacco habit, 29% are from lung cancer and 24% are caused by heart disease.

 

Over and above that,other cancers have also been linked to smoking, including cancer of the throat, mouth, stomach, cervix, breast and pancreas. All this is small wonder as cigarette smoke has been found to contain over 4,000 chemical compounds and toxins, all with very harmful to human health.

 

Drug addiction

 

Drug addiction, also called substance dependence or chemical dependency, is a disease that is characterized by a destructive pattern of drug abuse that leads to significant problems involving tolerance to or withdrawal from the substance, as well as other problems that use of the substance can cause for the sufferer, either socially or in terms of their work or school performance. More than 2.6% of people suffer from drug addiction at some time in their life.

 

The term dual diagnosis refers to the presence of both a drug-abuse or dependence issue in addition to a serious mental-health problem in an individual. Substance abuse or dependence unfortunately occurs quite commonly in people who also have severe mental illness. This is important given that people with a serious mental illness are far more at risk of engaging in violence, being incarcerated, or contracting infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Individuals with dual diagnosis are also at higher risk of being noncompliant with treatment.

 

 

 

Age of Pestilence and famine.

 

During this period it was malnutrition and associated disease were the main cause of death. Infectious disease, high infant mortality, low life expectancy were the picture at that time. Death from cardiovascular disease (CVD) was less than 10% and was mainly due to rheumatic heart disease (RHD) and cardiomyopathy.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Age of Receding pandemics

 

As a result of rapid social changes with the emergence of public health infra structure and improvement in nutrition there was significant decline in infant mortality. Death from CVD ranged from 10-35 % and was due to RHD, systemic hypertension (HTN) and stroke.

 

Age of Degenerative and man made disease

 

Urbanization and industrialization resulted in high intake of fat, proteins and low physical activity. Systemic hypertension and CAD emerged as main cardiovascular diseases. Among death from cardiovascular diseases 35 -65 % was due to CAHD (coronary artery heart diseases) and stroke.

 

Age of declining degenerative disease

 

Cancer and CAD are the main cause of death. Better treatment and prevention helped in

 

reducing the mortality. CAHD stroke and CCF accounts for 50% cardiovascular death.

 

 

 

Major lifestyle diseases

 

Atherosclerosis

 

Indians are at high risk for coronary artery disease due to many reasons. One sixth of world’s population is in India, with more than 60 % residing in villages and half of them are vegetarians. In spite of this 50% of cardiovascular death is due to coronary artery disease. The high risk for CAD is due to metabolic problems and genetic predisposition. Indians have more premature disease, triple vessel disease and the disease affects young people. In comparison to western countries the age at which the first attack happens is much low in Indians. Indians in 30 -39 yrs have 10 times greater risk of developing heart attack compared to western counter part and hence suffers great the loss of productive years due to early death. There is high prevalence of metabolic and dietary risk factors in school age.

 

Steady increase in affluence, urbanization, sedentary life style, more calories and fat and

 

stress are the man made reasons for this epidemic. Apart from that the focus of attention is on other health problems like maternal health, infant mortality and infectious diseases

 

 

 

Coronary artery heart disease.

 

Coronary artery heart disease is a multifactorial disease. There are various risk factors which if present can lead to the formation of atherosclerosis. Of course age, gender and genetic composition are non modifiable risk factors.

 

 

 

Obesity

 

As a result of rapid industrialization, extra calories and protein together with sedentary life style the average weight in our community is now increasing. All over the world this is becoming a health problem and it begins in childhood or in early adolescence. Obesity is associated with hypertension, elevated lipid level, diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome and this in turn act as coronary artery risk factor.

 

 

 

Diabetes mellitus

 

The exact reason for the rapid increase in the number of diabetic population in India is not very clear but lots of environmental factors are postulated.

 

Physical inactivity (least active subjects have 3 times greater prevalence of DM),

 

Low birth weight and lack of breast feeding in infancy (at least for 2 months is associated with 50% reduction of diabetes in young). Insulin insensitivity in response to high fat diet is responsible for diabetes mellitus. Obesity is associated with insulin insensitivity, hypertriglyceridemia and hypertension.

 

Diabetes mellitus is now known as coronary equivalent because of the close association of these conditions. Diabetes mellitus is an independent risk factor for CAD. One percentage increase in HbA1C is associated with 12% increase in risk for heart failure (UKPDS).

 

Progression of atherosclerosis, accumulation of interstitial collagen and activation PKC leads to cardiomyopathy recommendations.

 

 

 

Systemic hypertension

 

One of the conventional risk factors for the development of coronary artery disease and

 

stroke. Systemic hypertension cause endothelial damage and predisposes to atherosclerosis.

 

Many environmental factors are responsible for the development of systemic hypertension.

 

One of the earliest factors respon sible for the development of hypertension is the fetal

 

malnutrition. This probably affects the number and structure of nephrons. Stress either

 

physical or mental induces sympathetic system stimulation which in turn leads to

 

hypertension. High salt diet increases the sodium and water content and increase rs the

 

blood pressure. Smoking as we discussed earlier induce vasospasm and sympat hetic stimulation leads to hypertension. Excess alc ohol and caffeine induce hypertension through various mechanisms. Physical inactivity is one of the key factors responsible for overwei ght, metabolic syndrome and hypertension. Over weight stimulates renin angiotensin system and retention of salt and water

 

 

 

Alzheimer's Diseasea form of brain disease.

 

No one knows the exact cause, but a real breakdown of the cells of the brain doe s occur. There is no treatment, but good nutrition may slow the progress of this lifestyle disease, w hich lasts about seven years in most people who have it.

 

 

 

Cancer:

 

Cancer is group of diseases with similar characteristics. Cancer can occur in all living cells in the body and different cancer types h ave different natural history. Epidemiological studies have shown that 70-90% of all cancers are environmental. Lifestyle related factors are the most important and preventable amon g the environmental exposures. Tobacco consum ptions either as chewing tobacco or smoking tob acco will account for 50% of all cancers in men. Dietary practices, reproductive and sexu al practices etc will account for 20-30% of cance rs. Appropriate changes in lifestyle can reduce th e mortality and morbidity from a good proportion of cancer and heart diseases.

 

In Kerala tobacco is responsible f or 505 of cancer and diet for 10-20%of cancers. Dietary factors may be potentiating the role of other risk factors. Most of the cancers have some relationships with diet predominant among them are cancers of the upper aero digestive tract (mouth, throat), oesophagus (food pipe and lungs ), stomach, large intestine, and breast cancer in women

 

 

 

Chronic Liver Disease/Cirrhosisany of a group of liver disorders.

 

Characteristics of liver disease ar e jaundice, loss of appetite, liver enlargement, fluid accumulation, and impaired consciousness.

 

 

 

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonar y Disease (COPD): a disease characterized by slowly

 

progressing, irreversible airway o bstruction.

 

 

The symptoms are problems in breathing while exercising, difficulty in breathing in or out deeply, and sometimes a long-term cough. The condition may result from chronic bronchitis, emphysema, asthma, or chronic bronchiolitis. Cigarette smoking and air pollution make it wors e.

 

 

 

 

 

Nephritis/CRFAny disease of t he kidney marked by swelling and abnormal fun ction.

 

Characteristics of kidney disease are bloody urine, persistent protein in urine, pus in urine, edema, difficult urination, and pain in the back.

 

 

 

Stroke: A condition due to the lack of oxygen to the brain that may lead to reversible or irreversible paralysis.

 

Stroke is linked to advanced age, high blood pressure, previous attacks of poor circulation, cigarette smoking, heart disorders, embolism, family history of strokes, use of birth-control pills, diabetes mellitus, lack of exercis e, over weight, high cholesterol, and hyperlipide mia.

 

 

 

Psoriasis is a non-infectious, inflammatory disease of the skin. It is characteri zed by well-defined erythematous (reddish) plaques with large adherent silvery scales. The main abnormality in psoriasis is an increased proliferation of the skin layers due to excessive division of the cell in the basal layers of the skin. Severe itching may associate with the plaques. Dryness of the skin and silvery scaling are characteristics of this condition

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PCOS or Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome

 

 

 

Most common symptoms of PCOS are: · Acne, its aggravation

 

. enlarged ovaries with multiple small cysts, an abnormally high number of follicles at various states of maturation, and a thick, scarred capsule surroundin g each ovary.

 

  • Amenorrhea (lack of menstrual periods), usually (but not always) after having on e or more normal menstrual periods during puberty (secondary amenorrhea)

 

  • Oligomenorrhea (very light menstrual cycles), heavy flows at

 

 

shorter span cycles are also obse rved when pitta vitiation is ecessive. Exess unopposed estrogen gives rise to this situation and contrary to most beliefs, is easier to treat than vatic from of PCOS:

 

most women suffering from Vatic PCOS have

 

irregular menses and may have scanty menstruation (oligomenorrhea) or no menses at all (amenorrhea).

 

  • Decreased breast size

 

  • Anovulation (lack of ovulation and therefore infertility)

 

  • Dysfunctional uterine bleeding (abnormal bleeding patterns at mid cycles)

 

  • Hirsutism (excess hair growth, usually in a male pattern),

 

Growth is centred on the body, calf muscles, slightly below big toe on feet, thighs, below navel, between breasts and mustache region.

 

  • Infertility

 

  • Insulin resistance (problems with blood sugar regulation)

 

  • Male-pattern hair loss and fat deposition

 

  • Weight gain, difficulties loosing weight, central obesity

 

Migraine

 

Migraine can be defined as a paroxysmal ailment, accompanied by a severe headache, generally on one side of the head, and associated with disorders of the digestion, the liver and the vision. It usually occurs when a person is under great mental tension or has suddenly got over that state

 

 

 

Stress

 

Stress is a normal physical response to events that make you feel threatened or upset your balance in some way. When you sense danger, whether it is real or imagined the body's defenses kick into high gear in a rapid, automatic process known as the "fight-or-flight" reaction, or the stress response. But beyond a certain point, stress stops being helpful and starts causing major damage to your health, your mood, your productivity, your relationships, and your quality of life.

 

Depression

 

Depression affects many people, but not all of them need a psychiatrist or pills to find a relief from their symptoms. Depression is more than just temporary sadness. It affects entire life; job, relationships and even physical health. Depression makes getting out of bad feel like a chore. The good news is that changes to our lifestyle can improve our depression symptoms. These changes can also help us live a healthier more fulfill life even if we do not suffer from clinical depression

 

MANAGEMENT OF DISEASES

 

ACCORDING TO AYURVEDA

 

 

 

 

 

 

In Ayurveda, nidana parivarjana or “avoiding the cause” is considered as the first line of towards healing diseases.

 

 

 

SIGNIFICANCE OF DAILY AND SEASONAL REGIMENS

 

 

 

These factors are largely related to lifestyle management. ie healthy living. Advice on

 

Hita (advantageous), Ahita (Harmful or disadvantageous), Sukha (Happy), Dukha (Unhappy or miserable) etc. This prevents the chances of imbalance of Doshas (Vata, Pitta & Kapha) and helps one stay in the state of balance, prevent diseases and improve immunity of the body. Making healthy life styles choices takes some of the pain and frustration out of living with chronic ailments. Socio economic status of the people are also significant in this regard. In fact although statistics tend to show that we are managing to keep the sick alive slightly longer, total span or longevity is virtually the same as it was a century ago. Despite various health management many of the diseases in the world are fast growing to an alarming proportion.

 

 

 

Management of disease caused by over nutrition

 

 

 

 

Diseases like obstinate urinary disorders etc arising out of over nutrition can be definitely caused by the continued administration of the following in suitable dose and in appropriate time.Emesis , purgation,blood letting ,physical exercise ,fasting,smoking,fomentation,intake of abhayaprasha,agastyaharitaki etc with honey,habitual intake of rough and dry food,application of powders and ointments that are mentioned for the cure of pruritis, utricaria and intake of decoction of triphala,argvadha, patha,saptaparna,vatsaka,musta,madna and nimba.

 

 

 

One can be cured of all diseases by over refreshing regimen if he takes every morning the juice of mustha, aragvadha, patha, triphala, devadaru, svadamstra, khadira, nimba, haridra, daruharidra and the skin of vatsaka. The above mentioned drugs mixed with some unctuous substance and applied as unction with or without massage or as bath cure skin diseases.

 

 

 

Kushta,gomedaka,hingu, bone of kraunca, sunti, pippali, marica,vaca,vasha,ela,gokshura, kharahva, ambhoda – these drugs mixed with butter milk whey and the juice of the badara when taken cure dysuria and obstinate urinary diseases including diabetes mellitus.

 

By the administration of haritaki with buttermilk, triphala and arishtas(different type of alcoholic preparations) obstinate urinary diseases including diabetes mellitus and such other diseases are cured.

 

 

 

Mantha(thin gruel) prepared of trikatu ,triphala,ajamoda, roasted corn flour , oil and the decoction of agaru help to cure the diseases due to over nourishment.

 

Trikatu, vidanga, varieties of sigru , triphala, katurohini, brhati, kantakari, haridra, daruharidra, two varieties of patha,ativisa , saliparni, hingu, yavani, dhanya, citraka, sonchal salt, ajaji, hapusa. The receipe prepared without the powder of these drugs along with equal quantity of the each of oil, ghee and honey added with sixteen times of roasted cornflour and water is useful in the treatment of obstinate urinary disorders including diabetes mellitus, mudhavata, obstinate skin diseases including leprosy,piles,jaundice ,diseases of spleen, anaemia, oedema, dysuria,anorexia,heart disease, tuberculosis, cough, dyspnoea, spasmodic obstruction of the throat, parasite infestation, sprue, leucoderma, and over corpulence caused by the nutrition.This also stimulates the power of digesion and enhances memory and intellect.Individual desirous of reducing over corpulence should take recourse to habitual exercise, intake of food like barley and wheat only after the digesion of the previous meal.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Obesity –Line of treatment

 

 

 

 

For the obese person, foods which are difficult to digest (heavy food) and which make the

 

person thin should be prescribed.

 

Guru chatharpanam cheshtam stoolanam karshanam prathi”

 

Vataknannapanani sleshma medo harani cha Rookshoshna vasthyastheekshna rooksha

 

api udwarthanani cha”

 

Ref; Charaka.samhita.sutra.21

 

Ashtanga.Hrudaya.Sutra 14

 

Ashtanga.Sangraha.Sutra. 24.

 

Susrutha samhita.sutra .15

 

According to Ashtanga Hrudaya, those treatments which reduce meda, kapha and vayu are desirable. In obesity daily langana is also indicated by the same text.

 

 

 

Chikitsa

 

(1) Dravya Chikitsa

 

Ahara

 

For the purpose of taking food, the stomach capacity should be divided in to three parts. One part of it should be filled up with solid food, the second part with liquid and the third part should be left for vata, pitta and kapha. The obese persons should take half the quantity of food than as mentioned above.

 

Ref: Charaka samhita vimana.2 Kulatha (Horse gram)

 

Yava (Maize) Mudga (Green gram)

 

Syamaka (Panicum frumentaceum) Cultivated Millet. Shigru (Moringa olifera)

 

Hingu (Asafoetida)

 

Kodrava (Punctured paspalum) Thakra (Butter Milk)

 

 

Oushadha

 

Single Drugs

 

Triphala

 

Guduchi (Tinospora cordifoliya)

 

Abhaya (Terminalia chebula)

 

Guggulu (Commifora mukul)

 

Silajathu (Bitumen)

 

(Along with fresh juice of Agni mantha) (Go-mutram)

 

Loharaja

 

Pure Gingely oil 15ml to 30ml in divided doses.

 

Honey Water

 

Ref; Charaka.samhita.sutra.21

 

Bhaishajya Ratnavali – sthoulyadhikara

 

Ashtanga.Sangraha.Sutra.24

 

Ashtanga.Hrudaya.Sutra 14

 

Susrutha samhita.sutra .15

 

 

 

Formulations

 

Vyoshadi sakthu

 

Ref; Charaka.samhita.sutra.21

 

Bhaishajya Ratnavali - sthoulyadhikara

 

Chakra dutta – sthoulyadhikara

 

 

 

Vidangadi Choornam

 

It is prepared out of Vidanga, Nagara, Kshara, and fine powder of Loha, Barley and Amalaka along with honey, cure disorders of profound obesity.

 

Ref:- Ashtanga.Sangraha.Sutra. 24.

 

Decoction prepared out of Madana, Triphala, Musta, Saptaha, Arista, Vatsa, Patha, Aragwada helps to reduce obesity.

 

This drugs can be apply as paste or the medicated water prepared out of this , can be used for taking bath to reduce obesity.

 

Ref:- Ashtanga.Sangraha.Sutra. 24.

 

Amruthadi guggulu

 

Ref:- Bhaishajya Ratnavali - sthoulyadhikara

 

Chakra dutta – sthoulyadhikara

 

 

 

Navaka guggulu

 

Ref:- Bhaishajya Ratnavali - sthoulyadhikara

 

Chakra dutta – sthoulyadhikara

 

 

 

Triphaladyam Thailam

 

Ref:- Bhaishajya Ratnavali - sthoulyadhikara

 

Chakra dutta – sthoulyadhikara

 

 

 

Loharasayanam

 

Ref:- Bhaishajya Ratnavali – sthoulyadhikara

 

 

 

Thrayooshanadyam lehyam

 

Ref:- Bhaishajya Ratnavali – sthoulyadhikara

 

 

 

Decoction of Khadira and Asana with Triphala choornam and honey is good for obesity

 

Ref:Yogamrutham – Sthoolachikitsa

 

 

 

Decoction prepared out of Khadira with peya of Mudga and Laja is beneficial in case of obesity.

 

Ref:Yogamrutham – Sthoolachikitsa

 

 

 

It is asked to take Sesamum oil in morning,as a treatment for obesity. Ref:Yogamrutham – Sthoolachikitsa

 

 

 

Asana kwatha along with honey,also told to give to the patients of obesity. Ref:Yogamrutham – Sthoolachikitsa

 

 

Varaasanadi kwatham

 

Kwatha prepared out of Vara, Asana, Agnipathra,Haridra should be taken along with honey is said to be good for cases of obesity.

 

Ref: Sahasrayogam - sthoulyadhikar

 

 

 

Udwarthana using extract of Tamarind leaves with fried Haridra.

 

Ref: Chakra dutta - sthoulyadhikara

 

Varanadi Kashaya

 

Ref;Ashtanga.Hrudaya.Sutra 14

 

 

 

Shaddaranam Kashaya

 

Ref:Susrutha samhita. Sutra

 

 

 

Those drugs which are having the properties of “Teekshna” (pungent), “Rooksha” (rough),

 

also hot in potency can be prescribed in the treatment of obesity.

 

 

 

Rasaushadhi

 

  • Shila sindhoora 1 – 2 rathi with honey

 

  • Shudha Manashila

 

  • Shudha Parada

 

  • Shudha Gandhaka

 

  • Arogya Vardhini rasa 1 – 4 rathi

 

  • Agnithundi Vati

 

  • Vidangadi Loha 1 – 2 masha

 

  • Chandraprabha Vati 2 – 4 tablets / Day

 

  • Lakshmivilasa rasa 1 Gram / Day 10.Mahayogaraja Guggulu 2 – 4 tablets / Day

 

 

(2) Adravya Chikitsa

 

Vyayama – Regular exercise

 

Persons who are strong and who indulge in fatty food(daily);in cold seasons and spring season should do the exercise to half of their strength only; while others and in other seasons should do the exercise mildly.

 

Note: Half the capacity of the person is understood by the appearance of perspiration on his forehead, nose , axilla, joints of the limps and feeling of dryness of the mouth. Ref; Ashtanga Hrudaya Sutra.2

 

Astanga Sangraha Sutra.2

 

Regular exercise for about 30-60 minutes daily.Exercises include walking, swimming

 

and stretching.

 

 

 

Yoga therapy

 

According to Yogic science Soorya Namaskara is having a important role in the treatment of obesity. The following Asanas also are beneficial for the same.

 

  • Dhanurasana

 

  • Urdhwamatsyendrasana

 

  • Ushtrasana

 

  • Shavasana

 

  • Bhujangasana

 

 

 

 

Pathya and Apathya

 

 

 

Pathya

 

  • Obese people are advised to take water before food. This will diminish the digestive fire that in turn can reduce the quantity of food.

 

  • Purana shaali

 

  • Green gram

 

  • Butter milk

 

  • Horse gram

 

  • Goose berry

 

  • Maize

 

  • Kodrava

 

  • Vegetables having bitter taste

 

  • Honey

 

  • Fruits like apple, orange, papaya, guava

 

  • Lekhana vasthi

 

 

 

Apathya

 

  • Shaali

 

  • Wheat

 

  • Milk

 

  • Sugarcane products

 

  • Black gram

 

  • Internal and external application of oil

 

  • Fish

 

  • Meat

 

  • Sugar products

 

  • Heavy food

 

  • Fruits like banana, mango, chikku, jack fruit,

 

  • Grapes and dates.

 

  • Bath using cold water

 

  • Rasayana therapy

 

  • Exposure to cold

 

  • Day sleep

 

  • Wearing garlands (perfumed)

 

Ref:- Bhaishajya Ratnavali - sthoulyadhikara

 

Now a days the sedentary life style by the over use of television and computer

 

causing obesity in adults and even in children also.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MANAGEMENT OF EMACIATION

 

One suffering from fresh attack of ematiation can soon be used by the administration of refreshing regimen but one suffering from chronic type of emaciation would require habitual intake of refreshing therapy.

 

 

 

In cases of patient having chronic type of emaciation,the refreshing therapy should be administered. Slowly depending upon the physical constitution ,power of digesion, dosas vitiated, nature of therapy, dose, season and time of administration.For such patients, meat soup, milk and ghee of different animals, different types of bath, enema, massage and nourishing drinks are useful.

 

 

 

For those patient suffering from continous fever,cough,emaciation,dysuria,thirst and upward movement of vata,the following type of nourishing drink is useful.Mantha (thin gruel) prepared of sugar,pippali,oil,ghee,honey –all in equal quantity added with double the quantity of roasted corn flour is aphrodisiac and useful for such condition.These patients may be given drinks prepared ofroasted corn flour , alcohol, honey and sugar which help in elimination of faeces,urine,vayu, kapha and pitta.

 

 

Sleep,joy,comfortable bed,contentment,tranquility of mind,abstrnence from anxiety,sexual act and physical exercise,pleasant sights,intake of fleshy harvested rice,fresh wine,meat soap of domestic,morshy and equatic animals,well prepared meat,curd,ghee,milk,sugar cane,Sali rice,masa,wheat,sugar candy preparations,enema consisting of unctous and sweet drugs,regular oil massage,unctuous unction bath,use of scents and garlands,use of apparel,elimination of dorsal in time and administration of rejuvenating and aphrodisiac drugs remove emauation and bring out nourishment in the body.

 

Freedom from anxiety about any thing,intake of nourishing diet and adequate sleep makes a man fatty like a boar.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Treatment of ama :

 

Herbs:

 

Anti-vata: Fresh Ginger, Linseed, Nutmeg, Garlic, Asafoetida, Cumin, Black Pepper, Fennel, Castor oil. Also try Asafoetida Formula, which is very useful for clearing wind, bloating and spasms from the intestines.

 

 

Anti-pitta: Kalmegh, Aloe Vera, Fennel, Coriander, Guduchi, Neem. Also try Amalaki formula that contains cooling herbs to clear heat toxins from the system.

 

 

Anti-kapha: Ginger, Cumin, Black pepper, Pushkaramoola, Punarnava, Tulsi, Vacha, Guggul. Also try the famous Ayurvedic formula called Trikatu, renowned for its heating properties that can literally digest toxins.

 

 

Specific Therapies: - Sweating, fasting, hot water, wind and sun therapy, vigorous exercise, Panchakarma.

 

Anti-ama Diet: Emphasise pungent, bitter, astringent flavours

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Treatment Modalities for Alzheimer’s disease

 

 

Wholesome diet and lifestyle.

 

Pranayama: Breathing techniques to rejuvenate your brain cells. The main effects of

 

Pranayama manifest in the nervous system and in the subtle psychic energy body .The breath is known as thread of life and depending on it’s action the entire life process is refined, balanced or else thrown out of proper order.

 

 

Panchakarma therapy. Aiming at removal of toxins from the body and servicing it for a better efficacy.

 

Shiro Dhara: Medicated liquids are poured on the head with an appliance called as Dhara patra which is suspended from the ceiling or from the bracket of the dhara table. Promising treatment in maintaining the restoration of necessary oxygen, blood supply and glucose to the brain cells.

 

Nasya. This therapy is considered the best and the most specific treatment for the diseases of the head because when the medicines are administered through the nose they spread throughout the head and it’s constituent parts and influence all the beaneries and the diseases situated in these parts.

 

Shiro Basti: A therapy where medicated oil is kept on the head for a specific period with the help of a cap. This is recommended for diseases like Parkinson’s, Hemiplegia, mind and generalized cerebral atrophy.

 

Shiro lepa: Application of medicated pastes on the scalp is called as Shirolepa and is recommended for all psychic disorders.

 

Rejuvinating medicines like Brahmi, to keep the brain cells well nourished. Ayurvedic mineral supplements given to normalize the depleted tissue elements.

 

 

 

Treatment of Cancer

 

1) Drugs and Herbs of Ayurveda used according to specific system location

 

  • Brain Cancer - Ayurvedic Herbs –Mandukaparni (Bacopa monerea)

 

-Kastoori Bhairava Rasa with combination of divya herbs.

 

  • Oropharyngeal Cancers - Ayurveda Herbs

 

– Kasamarda (cassia oxidentalis) -Mahalaxmi vilasa Rasa

 

  • Lung Cancers - Ayurveda Herbs - Pippali (Piper longum)

 

-Hirak Rasayana

 

  • Stomach Cancers - Ayurveda Herbs

 

– Shatavari (Asparagus resimosus) -Amlaki (Philanthus amblica) -Banga Bhasma

 

-Aloe-Vera

 

-Amaltas (Casia fistula) -Bhoy-Amli (Philanthus nurare) -Sarphunkha (Tephrosia purpura)

 

 

  • Intestinal Cancers - Ayurveda Herbs -Shigru (Moringa olifera)

 

-Panchamrut purpti

 

  • Female Genital Cancers - Ayurvedic Herbs -Ashoka (Seraka Ashoka)

 

-Vaikranta Bhasma

 

  • Mail Genital Cancers - Ayurveda herbs

 

-Triphala (Three myrobelans) -Makardhvaja

 

  • Liver Cancers - Ayurveda Herbs -Bhumvamalaki

 

-Arogyavardhini

 

  • Blood Cancer - Ayurveda Herbs -Anantmula (Hermidesmus indicus) -Suvarna Vasant Malti Rasa

 

  • Bone Cancers - Ayurveda Herbs -Aabha Gugglu

 

-Madhu Malini Vasant Rasa

 

  • Breast Cancers - Ayurvedic Herbs -Gojivha

 

-Chinchabhallataka

 

  • Skin Cancers - Ayurveda Herbs

 

-Manjishtha (Rubia cordifolia) -Samira Panaga Rasa -Kaishora Gugglu -Gandhaka Rasayan

 

(2) Drugs of Ayurveda According to the general condition of the patient

 

-Sutashekhara rasa -Punarnava Mandura -Aarogya Vardhini -Avipatti Churna -Kamadhugdha Rasa -Swarna Gairika -Laghu Vasanta Malti -Hirak Bhasma

 

(3) Drugs pf Ayurveda according to the Agni of the patient

 

-Drakshasava

 

-Swarna Makshika Bhasma -Shivakshara Pachan Churna -Chitrakadi Vati

 

-Trifala Churna

 

-Panchskhar Churna

 

(4) Drugs of Ayurveda used in all cancers

 

-Kanchnara Gugglu

 

-Kaishora Gugglu

 

-Bhallataka Phalmajja Churna

 

-Trifala Gugglu

 

-Tribang Bhasma

 

-Shilajatu Vati

 

-Aabha Gugglu

 

-Laksha Gugglu

 

 

(5) Drugs of Ayurveda according to Nadi

 

-Vishtinduka for Vatta Nadi -Katuki for Pitta Nadi -Bhallatak for Kapha Nadi

 

-Combination of above for dvidosha Nadi -All three for Tridosha Nadi

 

 

(6) Decoctions of Ayurveda for purification of body cells Prescribed to all patients. One, two or more from the following

 

-Varunadi Kwatha

 

-Panchvalkal Kwatha

 

-Manjishthadi Kwatha

 

-Dashmula Kwatha

 

-Varunadi Kwatha

 

-Kanchnara Kwatha

 

 

(7) Drugs of Ayurveda for symptomatic relief

 

-All Gugglu preparations for pain relief, and tumor reducing. -Gandhak Rasayan for infections

 

-Bilva, Mayurpichha, Tankana, sphatika for loose motions and vomiting -Shigru, Chitrakadi vati for pain in the abdomen

 

-Rohitaka, Shamaka yoga for pain in pancreas and renal colic. -Shirashooladi vajra rasa, for headaches

 

-Beejapuraka and trikatu in jaundice -Vasa+Goat milk in bleeding -Aabha+Madhumandura in bone pain

 

Atherosclerosis Herbal Medicines

 

Once atherosclerosis is suspected, the diagnosis can be confirmed by further investigations. Treatment has to be taken under expert medical supervision.

 

  • Garlic is one of the most useful home remedies in this condition. It is useful as a preventive as well as a curative. Many researchers confirmed these benefits.

 

  • Rasona Ksheeram an Ayurvedic formulation, that can be prepared at home is to be taken daily. Rasona means garlic and Ksheeram indicates milk.

 

Ayurvedic Remedies

 

Punarnava Guggulu 2 tab. twice daily with warm milk or water.

 

Heart disease Treatment

 

Arjuna is the drug of choice for the treatment of this disease. This is a big tree and its bark is used as medicine. The powder or decoction of its bark is given to the patient during and even after the attack. The powder is given to the patient in a dose of 1 gm., four times a day. If the heart disease is of vatika type, it is mixed with ghee. If it is of paittika type, then milk is used. In kaphaja type of heart disease it is mixed with honey or pippali powder. For decoction usually 30 gm. of the raw powder of the bark of the drug is boiled with approximately 500 ml. Of water and reduced to one-fourth. This is then filtered, honey or ghee is added to it, and given to the patient. With honey, the decoction should become cold before mixing. Ghee is mixed, when the decoction is warm, and is given to the patient as such. There are many preparations of this drug, Arjuna. Arjunarishta is commonlyused by physicians. Six teaspoonfuls of this liquid drug are given to the patient twice daily after food with an equal quantity of water. Arjuna is boiled in cow’s ghee, and this medicated ghee is given to the patients in a dose of 1 teaspoonful twice daily on empty stomach, mixed with a cup of warm milk. This preparation is known as Arjuna ghrita. This medicine should not be given to a person having a fat body. This is likely to add to his fat and may create more problems.

 

Other medicines used for different types of heart diseases are Hridayarnava rasa and Prabhakara vati. These medicines are available in the form of tablets. Two tablets are given to the patient, three or four times a day, depending on the seriousness of the disease.

 

At the time of acute attacks, Mrigamadasava is the ideal drug. It is a liquid medicine and given to the patient in a dose of ½ to 1 teaspoonful mixed with equal quantity of water. These medicines are to be used even after the attack has subsided. On exertion the patient may get the attack any time. It is, therefore, necessary for the patient to use the medicines mentioned above for about 6 months continuously.

 

Lifestyle: Heart needs a regular supply of oxygen and it also must not be overstressed. Practice light aerobic exercise and regular relaxation. Ayurveda would recommend some nourishing yoga practices, such as the dynamic 'Sun Salutation' as well as daily breathing practices (Pranayama). Ayurveda suggests exercising within your own limitations and does not encourage excessive exercise that leaves you tired. Yoga is exercise that leaves you energised and fitter.

 

A very common cause of heart diseases is mental stress. Regular practice of yoga and Pranayama (breathing exercises) reduces stress levels. Also, meditation has been scientifically proven to prevent as well as cure heart diseases.

 

Ayurveda considers the functions of heart and mind inter-linked. Disturbance in one affects the other. Therefore, patients having heart disease are advised to refrain from anxiety, worry, excessive sexual intercourse and wrathful disposition. All efforts should be made for the patient to have good sleep at night. Even rest during the day is essential. He should never be permitted to remain awake at night for long.

 

 

The patient's bowels should move regularly. If there is constipation, he is advised to take a glass of water early morning and go for a walk every day. A gentle laxative like Triphala choorna may be used if required

 

Panchakarma: A gentle head massage with or without oil several times a week is very beneficial. A full-body self-massage with oil once a week is also good.

 

 

Ayurvedic Herbs/ Ayurvedic Medicine for Treating Liver Disease

 

Hepatitis A virus can be taken care of very easily with herbs. Many of the Ayurvedic herbs have shown remarkable results in clinical trials and studies. Some of these are Eclipta Alba (Bhringaraj), others are Boerhavia diffusa (Punarnava) , and Picrorhiza kurroa (Katuki). We can

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